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How do I learn from a closed books? 4 tricks to help you remember more!



How do I learn from a closed books? 4 tricks to help you remember more!

Imagine you are a student. Tomorrow is the exam and you have to repeat everything. You can view books again and stuff as much as possible. You can check yourself: try to remember what it says without looking at the books. Finally, create a concept map by including the basic terms and their relationships. There is only enough time for one way. what do you prefer?

The researchers tested the effectiveness of these methods with a group of students. It turned out that the self-test – an attempt to recover information without looking at the text – is far ahead of other options in terms of efficiency.

The conclusion is that if you want to learn something, try to extract it from your own memory and not from the book. It’s not easy – it often seems that nothing remains in your head at all. The book “Super-Learning” talks about ways to awaken memories.

The paradox of learning

If the best method of consolidation is to try to get facts and concepts, why do we rarely use them there? The fact is that we cannot determine exactly how well we have learned something. When we read books, we feel like we are learning material, and when we try to remember his feeling of “memorizing” it is much weaker.

Copying data from a book is not as effective as trying to extract it from memory. – Source

Callback, however, is more useful than passive repetition. Free memory tests, where students have to remember something without a clue, give better results than tests to save clues. Memorization tests with clues are better than recognition tests and offer a choice of many pre-made answers.

In addition: remembering has a positive effect on learning, even if there is nothing to remember.

This phenomenon is known as the effect of leading tests: a memory search not only helps to consolidate what you have learned, but also serves as preparation for better learning. This means: Before you start learning, take a test on the topic and the information will be better absorbed.

So practice your search

Passive repetition isn’t particularly effective, but it’s simple: you open the book and read the material again until you remember it. However, searching in memory is not always easy. Here are 4 tricks that will help.

Reception number 1. Free call back

The easiest way is to try to write down everything you can remember after reading a section of a books or listening to a lecture. It can be difficult, but the difficulty has a positive side: if you force yourself to remember, you will remember the details for a long time. Make it a rule to get information as soon as you receive it – you will be surprised how much better it is stored in memory.

Reception number 2. Questionnaire method

Most students write down basic information in the notes as soon as they are received. But there is another strategy: write down the facts in the form of questions and answer them later. You can write: “The Magna Carta was signed in 1215.” And you can ask the question: “When was the Magna Carta signed?” – and put next to the link where the answer can be found.

Notes in the form of questions form the basis for a subsequent search in the memory.

However, it is important to formulate the questions correctly. We often cling to details. It is more difficult and useful to rephrase the main idea of ​​a chapter into a question. Since it is often veiled, you need to think about it. This will help to remember information even better.

How do I learn from a closed books? 4 tricks to help you remember more!
After reading a section of the book, ask questions that will help you remember important dates later. – Source

Do not try to ask a lot of questions: limit yourself to one section of the text. This will help force yourself to think about the main idea and not multiply the details, which will then most likely be unnecessary.

Reception number 3. Self-caused problems

If you read the material, you can come up with problems yourself to solve them later. When you are familiar with new programming methods, write them down to try them out to solve a real problem. Creating a list of such tasks promotes the practical application of information.

Reception number 4. Closed book training

If you deactivate the search for clues, the ability to remember is increased many times over in almost all areas. The strategy for creating the concept map did not work very well in the experiments, but was rehabilitated if the subjects did not look into the book when creating the map. Introduce a ban on the ability to view material in a book in any practice, and the information is instantly transformed into the knowledge contained in the mind rather than the reference manual.

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How not to swear over money, children, sex and paper envelope



How not to swear over money, children, sex and paper envelopes

How not to swear over money, children, sex and paper envelopes

We’ve had a lot of books about relationships, but none has ever made you laugh like that.

Belinda Luscombe has been writing about relationships for Time magazine for 20 years. And she actively practiced them: her marriage is almost 30 years old. So she discovered six areas that cause the most problems – everyone: intimacy, quarrels, finances, family, sex, mutual assistance.

In the book “Happiness Together” – instructions for technical inspection of relationships. Is everything going as it should or is it time to “change the oil”? There are many situations from family life in which you will probably recognize yourself, and tips to fix anything that is junk. With a fair amount of humor.

Do we have envelopes?

Happiness together

“My husband Jeremy does it with envelopes,” Belinda says. – Every time he asks if we have envelopes, although I have already shown him a thousand times where they are. On the shelf. Next to the handles. So what? My husband, going to send a letter, each time asks: “Do we have envelopes?”

Why can some trifle, insignificant imperfection in a loved one drive you to a frenzy? Because a wedding is not a happy ending at all. Married life is like clearing a path of snow: you start out full of enthusiasm, but it turns out that the activity requires much more endurance.

Of course, people get tired of relationships. This is as natural as the fact that food goes bad and the fire goes out. But we have learned to preserve food and keep the fire going. So you can come to an agreement with nature.

We are Incorporated

Imagine your marriage is a business partnership, “We Are Incorporated.” You manage finances together. Manage children together. Both of you are managers of your property – apartments, villas, cars. You combine the duties of a chef, taxi driver, travel agent and teacher.

Use proximity as a weapon, not a weapon. Cultivate a team spirit – it helps you achieve results in tedious and tedious tasks. Discuss resentments and grievances. This means that you spend time with a person not because it is pleasant, but because you create something together – a marriage, a family, a couple.

This is called “relational thinking,” and it is the key to a long and happier marriage.

Two imperfections

Children are a laborious project, like putting together a three-dimensional puzzle, which also snaps and throws dirty clothes all over the apartment. One mother once said that upbringing is as much teamwork as robbing a bank: “One is robbing, the other is driving a car that will be used to get away.”

But remember, you are not together because of the children. Sometimes go on vacation without them. And remind yourself that it’s a good idea to nominate your partner sometimes.

Belinda Luscombe: “When my husband was looking after my son, the son fell out of the bed. When I was looking after my son, the baby fell out of the stroller. And which of us is the worst parent? ” – Source

If you think your partner is a lousy parent, try to moderate the criticism. After all, your skills are hardly perfect. This is the great meaning of having two parents: they bridge each other’s shortcomings.

Have a fight? Eat something

Belinda once asked Mark Zuckerberg what changed when Sheryl Sandberg, the first woman on the board, came to Facebook. Mark said: after her arrival, they forgot what hunger is. She made sure that there was always food on the tables during meetings.

Here’s a lesson from one of the richest women in the world: Never start an important conversation on an empty stomach.

If the relationship is broken

“Repairing” a marriage is exhausting. Sometimes it seems that getting a divorce is easier, as it is easier to buy new headphones than to untangle the wires from those that are. But think about this.

Scientists found 645 unhappy couples, and after 5 years they interviewed them. It turned out that those who got divorced did not feel happier than those who kept their marriage. And the couples who stayed together were glad they hadn’t parted.

Our thinking is aimed at solving problems, although in reality we need a different kind of thinking, “carousel”: now your horse is down, but wait a little – and it will rise again.

What else

The book “Happiness Together” will surely appeal to those who appreciate humor. Belinda will make you laugh more than once and look at relationships from a different – more funny – angle. Family life can be boring, it can be difficult, but add a healthy dose of self-irony and it turns out that everything is not so bad.

Despite the humor, the conversation will go on the most serious topics, and you will find a lot of practical advice.

  • Life lessons from the cat litter box
  • “Financial violence against a partner”: how not to swear over money
  • After hardship comes real hardship: parenting
  • What the marriage ninja do
  • Marriage without sex: the intimate side of union
  • What to do if cheating occurs

We don’t find soul mates like beautiful seashells on the beach. We become soul mates. One of us is waves, the other is sand, and together we form a wonderful beach. Marriage means that you have tied your destiny with someone and said to this person: “It looks like the journey with you will be exciting.” So make it that way.

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How not to swear over money, children, sex and paper envelopes

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