75th anniversary of the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by US
- On 6 August, the US launched a nuclear attack on Hiroshima and on 9 August 1945, Nagasaki
- The bomb dropped on Hiroshima was named Little Boy, while the bomb dropped on Nagasaki was Fat Man.
On August 6, 1945, the US dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days after this, on August 9, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. Millions of people died in it, while millions were affected. At the same time, many people also came under the grip of radioactive ‘black rain’ after the attack.
Last week, the District Court of Hiroshima identified those hit by ‘black rain’. Also, he was asked to provide all medical facilities. Those affected by the attack are given free medical treatment, known in Japan as ‘Hibakusha’.
After the end of World War II, the Government of Japan had announced to provide free health facilities to the seriously affected people. Also, some areas were declared severely affected by the government. Those who were out of the city at the time of the attack were also hit by the ‘black rain’ that followed the attack.
Why did America bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
At the end of World War II in 1945, relations between Japan and the United States deteriorated. Especially when the Japanese army decided to target Indo-China with the intention of occupying the oil-rich regions of the East-Indies. Therefore, US President Harry Truman launched a nuclear attack on Japan to surrender.
Harry S. Truman was the President of the United States at that time. He warned, “Japan must either surrender or be ready for immediate and complete destruction. We are able to destroy any city in Japan by air. ”On July 26, Potsdam was announced in Germany, warning Japan to surrender.
However, there are other theories about this. There was no need to force Japan to surrender by conducting a nuclear attack. A historian Gar Alperowitz has argued in one of his books in 1965 that Japanese cities were attacked in order to gain a strong position for diplomatic bargaining with the Soviet Union after the war.
However, Japan surrendered unconditionally on 15 August 1945 immediately after the nuclear attack.
The photo was taken in 1945. It shows the situation after the US launched a nuclear attack on Hiroshima.
What happened on 6 and 9 August?
On August 6, at 8:15 am, the American Inola Gay aircraft dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima. At that time, the temperature had warmed to more than 1 million degrees Celsius. Everything burned to ashes for about 10 kilometers. The wind speed increased significantly. The building collapsed due to explosions and thermal rays.
The population of Hiroshima at that time was around 3 lac 50 thousand. There were 43 thousand Japanese soldiers in them. When the uranium weapon known as Little Boy was dropped at Hiroshima, it exploded at a height of 1,850 feet. Its capacity was equal to 12.5 kilotons of TNT.
The US Strategic Bombing Survey of 1946 reported that the bomb exploded northwest from the city center. More than 80,000 people were killed and many were injured in it.
The next day the headline of the New York Daily News was – ‘Bare Secret Vipan’ Atom ‘Bomb Japan Most Destructive Force in Universe’. The New York Times gave the headline – ‘First atomic bomb dropped on Japan; The missile is equivalent to 20 thousand tons of TNT; Truman’s warning wasting rain ‘.
After three days, the second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9 at 11 am (local time). Its population at that time was about 2 lac 70 thousand. At the same time, a ‘Fatman’ plutonium bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, equivalent to 22 kilotons of TNT exploded. More than 40,000 people were killed in this attack.
The photo is of Hiroshima after the attack. People are seen passing through the road after the debris was removed. (Source – US War Department)
What were the conditions of the city?
Skin was hanging from people’s bodies due to explosion and heat. The leaves of the trees had fallen. According to a sociologist, a park in the city was full of people’s bodies. There I saw a very frightening scene. There were some little girls lying there, who not only had their clothes torn, but their skin was also separated from the body.
It immediately came to my mind that it is nothing less than hell, as I have often thought. Hiroshima was burning in the fire. Shortly after the explosion, ‘black rain’ started. It contained radioactive elements.
Sociologists reported, twenty-year-old Shibayama Hiroshi (who was out of town at the time of the attack) arrived in Hiroshima hours after the attack. While crossing the Kyobashi River he saw a scene reminiscent of a painting of hell.
The bodies of several people were floating in the river. His face had doubled in size. His legs were hardened like wood. After the explosion, the entire city was covered in clouds of dirty brown and black in many colors.
In both Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities, 50% of the people within a radius of 1.2 km were killed on the day of the explosion. At the same time, 80-100% people died after radiation and injuries. Within five months, 1 lac 40 thousand people died in Hiroshima’s population of 3 lac 50 thousand, while in Nagasaki’s population of 2 lac 70 thousand, 70 thousand people died.
75th anniversary of the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by US
The impeachment motion will be brought against Trump again?
In a letter to the Democrats, Pelosi said that if Pence does not take any action, impeachment will be voted on. (File photo)
US President Donald Trump is going to have difficulties. On January 20, President Elect ie Joe Biden’s swearing-in program means that Trump will remain in office for only 9 more days. Meanwhile, House of Representatives (HOR) Speaker Nancy Pelosi has given her permission to bring impeachment motion on Trump on Sunday. Trump is accused of provoking his supporters on January 7. Due to this, 5 people died in the violence in Parliament (Capitol Hill).
According to the newspaper The Hill, Pelosi said it was the responsibility of Vice President Mike Pence in the wake of the violence to remove Trump from his post under the 25th Amendment. In a letter to the Democrats, Pelosi said that if Pence does not take any action, impeachment will be voted on. Trump will be the first president in American history to be impeached for the second time in office.
‘Constitution and democracy have to be saved’
In the letter, Pelosi wrote, ‘We have a responsibility to save the Constitution and democracy, so we have to take action immediately. Both of these (Constitution and democracy) are under threat from the President. As the days go by, the president’s fear of damaging democracy will increase.
At the same time, the Republicans have also warned the Democrats not to show any shame in the process of transfer of power. Allow this process to be relaxed.
Trump opposes everywhere
There are about 100 Republican Republican lawmakers who have blamed their leader and President Trump directly for Thursday’s violent incidents. The White House deputy national security officer, education minister and all the members who resigned.
What happened on 7 January?
64 days after voting in the US (3 November), American democracy was shamed when Parliament began to seal Joe Biden’s victory. Trump’s supporters turned into rioters. Of sabotage and violence in the capitol hall. The US Capitol is the same building where both houses of the US Parliament house the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Parliament proceedings were stopped for some time.
Violence in US Parliament after 206 years
Samuel Halliday, director of the US Capital Historical Society, told CNN that on 24 August 1814 Britain had attacked the US. British troops opened fire at the US Capitol after the defeat of the US Army. Since then, there has not been such an attack on the US Parliament in the last 206 years.
Impeachment motion was also brought last year
The impeachment motion was also brought against Trump last year. It passed because of the majority of Democrats in the HOR, but fell due to majority of Republicans in the Senate. Trump was accused of pressuring Ukraine to launch an investigation against Biden. Abusing their powers for personal and political gains, Ukraine had sought help in its favor in the 2020 presidential election.
Cases of prosecution against the president in America
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