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Scabbing and surgery | How to edit your texts

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Scabbing and surgery | How to edit your texts

Scabbing and surgery | How to edit your texts

“Writing is very easy,” said Mark Twain. “You just need to cross out all unnecessary words.”

It may have been easy for Mark Twain, but for many, cutting and editing text is a real torture. When we write letters to readers at MYTH, we can edit and rewrite the text several times. What can we say about how the books are prepared.

This article will talk about how to edit your own texts.

Myth is 15 years old. Holiday program

Two stages of editing

You have already done the hard work: drafted the words. Now we have to highlight the essence. Remove unnecessary, useless and inappropriate words, and in some places find something better.

Editing is a creative process when you can play, have fun, give free rein to imagination. But logic coupled with common sense is very useful here. Usually, in order to give the text harmony, a serious alteration is required.

They all write!

Scabbing and surgery | How to edit your texts
Write without fear. Edit without pity – Source

There are two steps to editing a text: scraping and surgery.

1. Scraping, or structural editing – this is a serious semantic correction.

2. Surgery, or line-by-line editing – editing of each paragraph and sentence, selection and replacement of words and other jewelry work ..

Each text needs both stages: first scraping, then surgery.

Squeezing

Forget about grammar and single words for a while and focus on the big picture.

1. Formulate a key idea as clearly as possible.. Move it to the beginning of the text. You may have delayed the introductory part and overloaded it with explanations, instead of going straight to the point. In most cases, we start too long, and one or two of the first paragraphs can be safely removed. Do it or at least reduce too long approaches, and transfer valuable thoughts (if they really are there) to another part of the text.

2. Remove anything that distracts from the main point, does not reinforce or develop arguments. Sometimes you have to sacrifice even a good story or a joke.

Scabbing and surgery | How to edit your texts
Feel free to use the main editor button. – Source

3. Test each paragraph for strength.. Does it contain an idea that is not expressed before or after? Did you get a “Frankenstein paragraph” composed of passages, fragments, and incoherent phrases? Sentences should logically flow into each other, developing thought and forming a single semantic whole.

4. Test each offer for strength.. Does it bring something new or simply repeat what has been said above? If so, remove it without any pity. Remember: less is better, but better. Many authors get to the point for too long, raining down on the reader an avalanche of unnecessary words. Do not take an example from them. Write concisely, sparingly.

five. Think of permutations. Are all fragments of text in place? Does every thought flow organically into the next?

6. Imagine the sentences in each paragraph are cues from an older friendly couple. They do not interrupt or shout one another, but complement or clarify what has been said before.

Surgery

Now, let’s put the ax aside and grab the scalpel. Go back to the beginning of the text and look at each word carefully.

1. Cut off unwanted fat. Could it be by chance that you used extra words where it was better to put it shorter?

2. Take away the obvious. No need to repeat all the time: in this article, in this post, in this situation, in my opinion, we believe that … In a word, you understand.

3. Remove “Frankenstein’s words” collected from several parts and sounding incomprehensible or ugly (for example, profit trolling – “professional” + “trolling”). Be careful with suffixes: you should not form mutant words like a sellable one. Cross out repetitions, clichés, and words that only pretend to be smart and important.

Scabbing and surgery | How to edit your texts
If a sad monster looks at you instead of a slender text, this is not a reason to be upset, but a reason to conjure a little more. – Source

4. Get rid of verbal slag. In many cases, a phrase or phrase can be replaced with one word (for example, instead of despite the fact that you can write though; instead, unfortunately or unfortunately, you can sometimes put alas; instead, in our time – today).

five. Eliminate adverbs if they do not carry an important semantic load.

6. Replace faded verbs with brighter ones. For example, instead of “he accidentally cut his finger” write “he accidentally slashed a finger on his finger”.

7. Create paragraph jumps. Organic ligaments greatly simplify the perception of any text. Ideally, one paragraph should flow smoothly into another, creating a sense of rhythm and dynamics. Successful transitions look like the smallest stitches: they turn scattered fragments into text that is read in one go.

8. Grow connective tissue. Do not rely on “school” ligaments – however, nonetheless, this way. Select a thought from the previous paragraph and relate it to one of the theses of the next.

And now again. And further. And further

When you go through the text from beginning to end, take a break. And then go back and repeat step by step again. And then again. Until you are sure that you have done everything you could for the reader.

Well, that’s it. It is time to show the text to the editor.

The best texts are born in collaboration. Find someone who can tell you how to improve what is written. If there is no professional editor nearby, show off your brainchild to someone whose syllable you like. If there is no such person, show the text to at least someone: family, friends, colleagues. Their opinion is also worth listening to, although not perceiving it as an indisputable truth.

Based on the materials of the book “Everybody Write!”

Scabbing and surgery | How to edit your texts

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Science

What is the Difference Between Losers and Winners

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What is the Difference Between Losers and Winners

Self-development

What is the Difference Between Losers and Winners

Man is a social being, for his survival, he needs a group. Unsurprisingly, a large proportion of our instincts and programmed behaviors are geared toward building intragroup relationships — collaboration and competition for resources. There are three basic strategies for this interaction: take, give and exchange. More details – in this material, prepared according to the book “Find a Mentor“.

Three strategies



Find a mentor

Depending on the circumstances, we can use any of the three strategies, but, as a rule, each of us has one that we prefer.

“Exchangers” – these are those who act on the principle “I give, so that you give me too.” They are the majority in society. Their focus is justice.

“The takers” – focused on maximizing their own benefits in a relationship. The interests of others do not bother them.

Finally, there is also “Givers” – these people are focused on selfless help to others. Their focus is relationships.

What is the Difference Between Losers and Winners

What is the Difference Between Losers and Winners

Which of these strategies is more winning? Based on the research data, the following can be said. In the early stages, the takers are the most successful, while the givers are the outsiders.

As you move up, the picture changes to the opposite. There are almost no “takers” at the heights of success. But among those who have achieved outstanding results, there are unexpectedly many “giving”. The “exchangers” show stable average results at all levels.

People who are focused on their own benefit rarely reach the top. The reasons for this are obvious. A systematic disregard for the interests of others alienates those around them and increases hostility. In other words, within the framework of this strategy, each subsequent step repels friends and multiplies enemies. As a result, sooner or later, a person remains alone. It’s good if by that time he manages to reach the top.

But even so, success often looks like this: you are sitting in a tree, under which a pack of hungry wolves has gathered.

Another strategy of greatest interest is “give”. According to research conducted, most selfless and selfless altruists who are concerned about the welfare of others and are willing to help them to the detriment of their own interests are losers, which seems quite natural. On the other hand, it is the “givers” who achieve the greatest successes.

What is the Difference Between Losers and Winners

What is the Difference Between Losers and Winners

Key factor

Why? Is this a game of chance, or is there some factor that distinguishes successful givers from unsuccessful ones? Such a factor really exists. And this is your environment. Both are equally trying to help everyone and do not expect immediate rewards. Both those and others in response receive the sympathy and approval of others. Some of them seek to provide a reciprocal service – they are “exchangers”. Some take advantage of the value they receive without considering it necessary to give something in return – these are the “takers.”

The difference between losers and winners is what happens next.

The loser continues to help everyone equally. And here everything depends on the case – how many “takers” will be in his environment. If not enough, he will survive. If there is a lot, it will quickly lose all resources and opportunities for growth. The winner, on the other hand, knows how to identify the “takers” and remove them from his circle, so a network is gradually formed around him, which together brings him more than he put into its formation. From some point on, it becomes a key success factor. And the sooner he learns to do this, the higher his chances of achieving outstanding results.

Prepared according to the book “Find a Mentor“.

What is the Difference Between Losers and Winners

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